American tunic - 1st U.S. Infantry transition coat (midwar)
1st U.S. Infantry - Our alter ego
The Third U.S. Infantry Regiment, established in 1784 and still serving,
is the oldest infantry regiment in the U.S. Army. Between 1784 and 1815 it was variously known as the First American Regiment,
the First Regiment, the First Sub-Legion of the Legion of the United States, and the First (1st) Infantry. During its early
years, the regiment garrisoned the posts of the Pennsylvania and Ohio frontier, fought the Indians at the Battle of Fallen
Timbers in 1794, and participated in the Niagara-Canada Campaigns of the War of 1812 (Lundy's Lane and the seige of Fort Erie).
When the Army reorganized in 1815, the First Infantry was redesignated the Third Infantry, based on the seniority of its regimental
Notes and details for U.S. first Infantry transition coat construction will be placed here as information becomes available
and is developed.
Updated March 7, 2007.
- The coat is all blue, dark.
- Red facing on collar and cuffs. (Collar is red on the outside, blue inside)
White wool on the turnbacks and lower skirt (finished edge, turned over not left raw)
- Taping or lace and shoulder straps.(no lace up the front or on cuffs or on pockets)
- 33 buttons in total. 2 small and 31 large. The only small buttons are for the shoulder straps and there are only
9 buttons doing up the front of the coat.
- Belts are black with small oval brass plate.
The same pattern which you may make for a redcoat can be used for the blue coat with a few changes.
The shoulder seams should be about an inch and half higher up. The space at the small of the back, the narrow panels
should be no larger than 5 inches. There is no upper lining.
Buttons are available from Kevin Garrett.