Standing Orders

Calendar of Events
Royal Images
1812 And All That
Contact Us

1        Aim:


The aim of these standing orders is to assist in the smooth and fluid operation of the Royal Scots both on and off the field.


2        Objectives:


2.1              To raise and equip a re-enactment unit consisting of a headquarters, and a half company of each Grenadier, Line and Light soldiers, for the purpose of staging parade, drill, camp, and battle demonstrations.


2.2              To be able to set up and staff a regimental camp which will be representative of regular military camps of the period, circa 1812.


2.3              To foster historical research into all aspects of warfare and lifestyle during the war of 1812.


2.4              To encourage all members of the organization to participate in role playing, so that they can create and present believable and authentic characterizations to the public.


2.5              To provide a resource which may be used in the education of the public in all aspects of the War of 1812.


3        General Operating Principles:


3.1              Organization:


The unit will consist of a scaled down battalion sized formation made up of a headquarters, and a half company of each grenadier line and light. 


Camp followers will belong to the company in which they are planning to serve.  As such, they will have all the rights, privileges and responsibilities of the other members of that company.


                                    See Appendix I for details



3.2              Command and Control:


The organization will operate along regimental lines and follow a military chain of command.




3.3              Promotions and Appointments:


The Commanding Officer will make all appointments and promotions within the Regiment.


Commissioned Officers, and Staff Non-Commissioned Officers’ (NCO’s) appointments and/or promotions will be based upon the advice and the recommendation of the Promotion Board.


The Promotion Board will be composed of the Commanding Officer, Battalion Sergeant Major, and the next most senior member of the Regiment.


Sergeants and Junior NCO’s appointments and promotions will be made of the recommendation by the Officers and Senior NCO of the company in which the candidate is to serve.



3.4              Duties and Responsibilities:


See Appendix II for details.


3.5              Recruiting:


Although the majority of the members of the actual 1st Regiment of Foot came from the United Kingdom, every effort will be made to accommodate recruits of all races, creeds, colours, genders and physical abilities consistent with historical accuracy, practicality, and appropriateness.


3.6              Training:


Members will not be allowed to participate in batallion or regularly scheduled drill sessions with units of the regiment unless they are attired in the uniform ordered for that particular drill parade.


The drill manual used by the regiment will be an “Abstract of the Rules & Regulations for the Formation, Manoeuvre, and field Exercises of his Majesty’s Forces for the NCO’s of the Army” 1811.


Additional instructions will be published to cover sections of the above mentioned manual that prove to be ambiguous.


The drill manual used for the movement of the light infantry will be “A Practical Guide for the Light Infantry Officer” by Captain T.H. Cooper.


3.7              Safety:


All members wishing to demonstrate firearms must first satisfy the Safety Officer, of the UCMRS, of their ability.


The Royal Scots will conform to the safety regulations currently in effect for the Crown Forces North America.


The Regiment will comply with any published safety regulations in effect at re-enactments hosted by other organizations and attended by members of the regiment.


See Appendix VI for details.


3.8              Living History Displays:


Within the limits of practicality, safety, and appropriateness, the Regiment will attempt to camp in a historically correct manner.  The intent is to provide the members with a unique camping experience as well as an educational presentation to the public.


Members shall make every effort while in the period camp to hide modern conveniences and necessities from both themselves and the public to ensure a “historical look and feel” to the camp.


Wherever possible, members will perform activities appropriate to the military camping situation and/or vignette in progress.


Although the majority of living history presentations will take the form of vignettes, members are required to behave in a “period” manner for the duration of the public hours of an event.


Members should remember that living history well done presents a tremendous public relations opportunity for the organization as a whole.


3.9              Social Events:


At Social events, all soldiers are to dress in Royal Scots regimental formal attire. Parade order, less belts and equipment.


No member may dress as a general officer unless that member holds an appointment as a general officer in a recognized organization.  The guests of Honour at regimental social functions will be given the deference and respect accorded to General Officers.


At social events, couples are expected to be socially matched.  Eg. A private soldier would not come to a ball as the escort of a duchess.



3.10          Code of Conduct:


At social events and during public hours at a display or event all members will demonstrate the proper deference, respect, and military courtesies appropriate to the rank of any member present, superior or inferior regardless of the Regiment.




                                                Hal Dennison               





                                    Officer Commanding The Royal Scots

Appendix I

Battalion Organization:


1                    Headquarters:

- Officer Commanding                                        - Captain                    (1)

- Captains Covering Sergeant                           - Colour Sergeant     (1)

- Pioneer Corporal                                             - Corporal                     (1)

- Pioneer                                                             - Private                         (2)

- Drum Major                                                     - Corporal                      (1)

- Drummer (extra)                                              - Drummer                     (2)


2                    Grenadier Platoon:


- Platoon Commander                                      - Lieutenant           (1)

- Ensign                                                            - Ensign                   (1)

- Covering Sergeant                                         - Sergeant              (2)

- Corporal                                                        - Corporal                 (2)

- Chosen Man                                                - Lance Corporal      (2)

- Rank and File                                               - Private                    (16)

                                - Bugler                                                             - Bugler                     (2)


3                    Line Platoon:


- Platoon Commander                                      - Lieutenant             (1)

- Ensign                                                            - Ensign                     (1)

- Covering Sergeant                                        - Sergeant                 (2)

- Corporal                                                        - Corporal                   (2)

- Chosen Man                                                - Lance Corporal        (2)

- Rank and File                                              - Private                       (16)

                               - Drummer                                                       - Drummer                    (2)


4                    Light Platoon:


- Platoon Commander                                      - Lieutenant               (1)

- Ensign                                                            - Ensign                       (1)

- Covering Sergeant                                          - Sergeant                 (2)

- Corporal                                                           - Corporal                  (2)

- Chosen Man                                                  - Lance Corporal       (2)

- Rank and File                                                - Private                      (16)

                               - Drummer                                                         - Drummer                   (2)


5                    Camp followers and Civilians:


- Officers’ Wives                                              - Civilians                 (7)

- Soldiers’ Wives                                              - Civilians                 (9)

- Soldiers’ Children                                          - Civilians                  (?)

Appendix II

Duties and Responsibilities of Each Position and Rank:


1                                Commanding Officer                                                 - The Senior Commander


1.1              The Senior Regimental Officer is the Commanding Officer and as such has the overall responsibility for everything the Battalion does.


1.2              On the field, the Commanding Officer commands the Battalion when the show or parade consists of more than a single platoon.


2                                Second-in-Command (2IC)                                         - The 2nd Senior Officer


2.1              The 2IC assists the Commanding Officer in the execution of his duties and responsibilities.  The 2IC is directly responsible for the training, deportment, dress, and discipline of the officers of the Battalion.


2.2              On the field, the 2IC will command the Battalion in the Commanding Officer’s absence.


3                                Adjutant                                                                                      - Lieutenant


3.1              The Adjutant is to assist the Commanding Officer and 2IC with any paperwork associated with the administration of the Battalion.


3.2              On the field, the Adjutant is responsible for getting first the Battalion and then the Officers on parade.


4                                Sergeant Major                                                               - The Senior NCO


4.1              The Senior Non-Commissioned Officer in the Battalion.  The Sergeant Major’s primary responsibility is to ensure the drills and procedures of the Battalion are consistent across the individual platoons.  In the performance of his duty, he will train the Sergeants of the Battalion in the performance of their duties.


4.2              On the field, the Sergeant Major’s position is behind the Colour Party.  He co-ordinates with the Drums and the Camp followers as to the management of casualties both real and re-enacted.  The Sergeant Major will ensure that the valuable and appreciated services provided by the Camp followers for the Battalion while on parade or in the field are carried out in a manner consistent with historical accuracy, good order and discipline, and meet the practical needs of the members of the line.




1                                Pioneer Corporal                                                                            Corporal


1.1              Administratively, the Corporal of Pioneers is responsible for the     dress, deportment, discipline, and training of the Pioneers.  The officer responsible for the pioneers is the 2IC.  The sergeant responsible for the pioneers is the Sergeant Major.


1.2              In effect, the Corporal of Pioneers trains his section in battle drills and parade procedures, as do the Sergeants of the Platoons.  In addition, the Corporal of Pioneers will train his section in those skills specific to the Pioneers.


1.3              On the field during battle drills, the Pioneer section will provide a reserve to defend the colours.  The section must also be prepared to be thrown into battle as a storming party.


1.4              On the filed during parades, the Pioneer section will, as is their right, precede the Battalion in its march.


1.5              In camp, the Pioneer section is at the disposal of the Sergeant Major to assist him in the laying out of the camp and in providing camp security.  In recognition of the above duties, the Pioneer section should be excused fatigue duties wherever practicable.


1.6              The Pioneer Corporal is encouraged to recruit individuals into his section who are capable of demonstration the traditional skills of the Pioneer to the public during living history displays.



2                                Pioneers                                                                                               - Private


2.1              The Pioneers are responsible to the Corporal of Pioneers and must be prepared and capable of portraying their role at living history displays.


3                                Drum Major                                                                                    - Corporal


3.1              The Drum Major is responsible for the dress, deportment, discipline, and training of the Drummers, Fifers, and Buglers of the Battalion.


4                                Music                                                                                                     - Drummer


4.1              The Drummers, Fifers, and Buglers are responsible to the Drum Major and must be able to play appropriate period pieces to fit the current demonstration.


5                                Officer in Command                                                                        - Captain


5.1              The Captain is responsible to the Commanding Officer for the administration, operation, training, discipline, clothing, and deportment of his Company.


5.2              The Captain’s role in training is to teach and exercise the men in Company level battle drills.  In addition, the Captain is to train the junior officers in their deportment and duties.


5.3              In the field, the Captain is to directly command his Company based on the requirements of the battle drills and procedures in effect at the time.  When the Company operates as a single body, the Captain will command from the right of the line.  If the Company splits into platoons, the Captain will command from the centre.  The Lieutenants will command on the right of each platoon.


5.4              In camp, the Captain is responsible for ensuring that the men of his Company co-operate with the requirements for both period and non-period camps.


6                                Platoon Commander                                                                        - Lieutenant


6.1              The Lieutenant is to assist the Captain in the performance of his duties.  The Lieutenant must be capable of commanding a Company on the field and in camp in the Captain’s absence.


6.2              In the field, the Lieutenant is to command from the right of his platoon.  He should be prepared to take over the Captain’s duties in case he should become a casualty.  Each Lieutenant must be capable of exercising his platoon as an independent command in a role consistent with the established drills and procedures of the Company and Battalion.


7                                Ensign                                                                                          - Ensign


7.1              The Ensign is the most junior officer.  This rank in this Regiment is used as an Honourary position.


7.2              In the field, the Ensigns will in rotation serve on the Colour Party to carry the Battalions Colours when on the field.  The second Covering Sergeant from each platoon will also be assigned to the Colour Party where circumstances permit.



1.1              The Ensign, being an honourary rank, is to have no command on the field.  The Ensign may be called on to perform staff duties as required by the Commanding Officer.


2                                Captain’s Covering Sergeant                                                - Colour Sergeant


2.1              The Senior Sergeant in each Company is the Colour Sergeant.


2.2              The Colour Sergeant is responsible for the dress, deportment, discipline, and drill of the men in his Company.  Specifically, he should teach the men the wheeling and the firings of platoons and of companies.  In addition, he is responsible for the deportment and training of the Sergeants and Corporals in his Company.


13                    Covering Sergeants                                                                   - Sergeant


13.1          The officers are assisted in their general duties by a Covering Sergeant.  These Sergeants take their seniority from the seniority of the officer they are covering.


13.2          These Sergeants assist the Colour Sergeant in the training of the men of the company.


13.3          On the field during battle drills, the Sergeants of the companies on the line will fall back into the supernumerary rank for the purpose of supervising safety procedures and dealing with problems that may arise in the course of the battle drill.


13.4          On the field during parades, Covering Sergeants will take post with their officer consistent with established drills and procedures.


13.5          In rotation, two sergeants from the platoon will be assigned as the Covering Sergeants to the Ensigns carrying the Battalion’s Colours.


13.6          Each Sergeant must be capable of exercising a section in as independent role consistent with the established drills and procedures of the Company and Battalion.


14                    Corporal                                                                                  - Corporal


14.1          In general, Corporals command their sections.  They are responsible for the dress, drill, deportment, and discipline of their men.  They will command fatigue parties, guards, and pickets.


14.2          Corporals are responsible for the training of their section during platoon exercises.


14.3          During battle drills and parades, the Corporals are the flanks of the sections.  They provide the steadiness of cadence, pace, and direction without which the manoeuvres of the Company and Battalion would become chaos.


15                Chosen Men                                                                             - Lance Corporals


15.1          Chosen Men assist their Corporals in the performance of their duties primarily with the object of becoming Corporals in their own right.




16                Rank and File                                                                                                - Privates


16.1          The Privates of the Regiment are the single most important element as living history displays would be impossible without them.


16.2          The Privates are responsible to the officers and NCO’s under whom they serve and must be prepared and capable of portraying their role at living history displays.


17             Officers’ Servant (Batman)                                                          - Any Enlisted


17.1          Each officer was entitled to from 1 to 5 soldiers from the regiment as Batmen (Battle Men).  The Officer’s Batman’s functions were to care for the Officer’s baggage and horses, to set up the Officer’s tentage, to cook his meals, and to act as a general man servant.  An Officer’s Batman was expected to keep up with his drill and to serve with his officer when his officer had duty.  Batmen should not be NCO’s.


17.2          In addition, many officers had civilian servants if they could afford them.


17.3          In order that we may be able to complete the re-enactment of a regular regiment, it is hoped that we will be able to re-create the role of an Officer’s Servant.  This is a possible role for individuals who find that serving in the line is too strenuous an activity.


17.4          Soldiers that have not yet acquired sufficient kit to serve on the line will be asked to play the role of an Officer’s Servant.


18                Soldier’s Wives


18.1          Soldiers’ Wives are an integral part of the Battalion.  Each platoon is officially allowed three (3) wives and their children in the roles.


18.2          In the field, Soldiers’ Wives are to stay to the rear.  They would come forward after the battle to look for their husbands and to care for the wounded.


18.3          In camp, the Soldiers’ Wives cook for their husbands and children, act as the Battalion’s washerwomen and seamstresses, and take care of their children.


19                Soldiers’ Children


19.1          Soldiers’ Children were present in the field with the Battalion.  They are attached to the same company as their mothers and will mess with that company.



19.2          Children will be encouraged to take part in the re-enactments, playing period games, watching and mimicking the drills and making a general nuisance of themselves.  When the Sergeant Major tells them to “bugger off”, they will do so with great alacrity.


19.3          Children will also be encouraged to become drummers, buglers, and fifers in the Regiment.


20                Officers’ Wives


20.1          Approximately 25% of the British Officers had their wives and families with them.  It appears that the vast majority of them stayed behind in Quebec City, Montreal, of Halifax.  As a result, their presence on the field is an occasional exception.


20.2          Officers’ Wives played an important role in the social events of the Regiment.  It was the early 1800’s and a women’s status was determined by the status of her husband.  As a result, there was a rough chain of command amongst the females associated to the Regiment.


20.3          In order to give a large degree of freedom of choices vis--vis role playing, female members do not have to re-enact the spouse of their actual husband.


Appendix III

Regimental Equipment List:


1                    Minimum Requirements For Camp Activity:


Drop front trousers, grey wool


Shirt, white

Barracks jacket

Forage cap

Gaiters, black

Leather neckstock, black

Linen haversack, white



2                    Additional Minimum Requirements For Field Duty:


Regimental Redcoat, with accoutrements

Shako, with plate, hackle, rosette, and rosette button

Leather cross belts, buff

                               Regimental belt plate

                               36 round cartridge box, black

                               Leather bayonet scabbard, black

                              Whisk and pick

                              Replica Brown Bess  .75 cal. Musket with bayonet

                              Water kettle


3                    Other Items:


Bellback wedge tent


Wooden round canteen, blue

Tin plate, cup, k.f.s.

Storage box

Musket bag

Trotter pack


                                Drop front trousers, white

Appendix IV

Orders of Dress:


1                    Battle Order:


1.1  Officers:


Shako, Regimental Redcoat, Sash, Sword Belt, Sword, Haversack, Grey trousers, and boots under trousers


1.2  Sergeants:


Shako, Regimental Redcoat, Sash, Crossbelts, Haversack, Cartridge box, Bayonet, Canteen, Grey trousers, Gaiters, Shoes or boots, Musket or Pike as required.


1.3  Other Ranks:


As sergeants less sash.


2                    Marching or Campaign Order:


As Battle Order for all ranks plus Trotter Pack.


3                    Drill Order:


3.1  Officers:


Shako, Regimental recoat or Dress Vest, Sash, Sword Belt, Sword, Haversack, White trousers, Boots under trousers.


3.2  Sergeants:


Shako, Barracks Jacket, Sash, Crossbelts, Haversack, Cartridge box, Bayonet, Canteen, Grey trousers, Gaiters, Shoes or boots, Musket or Pike as required.


3.3  Other Ranks:


As Sergeants less Sash.


4                    Parade Order:


4.1  Officers:


Shako, Regimental Redcoat with breast facings out, Sash, Sword belt, Sword, Haversack, White trousers, Boots outside trousers.


4.2  Sergeants:


Shako, Regimental Redcoat, Sash, Crossbelts, Cartridge box, Bayonet, Haversack, White trousers, Gaiters under trousers, Shoes or boots, Musket or Pike as required.


4.3  Other Ranks:


As Sergeants less Sash.


5                    Full Mess Order:


5.1  Officers:


Shako, Regimental Redcoat with facings folded out, Vest, Sash, Haversack, White Knee Breeches, White hose, Low shoes.


5.2  Sergeants:


Shako, Regimental Redcoat, Sash, Haversack, Grey trousers, Gaitors, Shoes or boots.


5.3  Other Ranks:


As Sergeants less Sash.


6                    Barracks or Fatigue Order:


6.1  Officers:


Regimental recoat or Dress Vest, Sash, Haversack, White trousers, Boots under trousers.


6.2  Sergeants:


Forage Cap, Barracks Jacket, Sash, Haversack, Grey trousers, Gaiters, Shoes or boots.


6.3  Other Ranks:


As Sergeants less Sash.


Note: Forage Cap and Barracks Jacket need not be worn in company street or under fly, but must always be worn when leaving the area.

Appendix V

Camp Layout:


1                    Tentage:


1.1              Officers:


Officers may use any of the following, choosing the most appropriate to the interpretation they are pursuing after first getting the approval of the Commanding Officer.


Marquis Tent, 18’ X 10’

Marquis Tent, 14’ X 9’

Wedge Tent,   12’ X 7’ (short wall)

Wedge Tent,     6’ X 7’ (bell back)


1.2              Other Ranks:


All Non Commissioned members of the Battalion unless given prior permission by the Commanding Officer will use a Wedge Tent, 6’ X 7’ (bell back).


1.3              Cooking/Messing:


Flies and tents to be used for this purpose are to be approved by the Commanding Officer.


2                    Layout:


2.1              Wherever possible, the Royals will set up in at least Company Street with the opening of the Sergeant’s tent facing the Parade Ground and then the OR’s tents in two perpendicular lines facing each other.


Backing onto the OR’s tents will be the junior Officers tents which will face to the ‘Officer’s Street’, away from the Parade Ground.  On the opposite side of that street will be the Captain’s tent(s), facing the junior Officers.  If the Commanding Officer is senior in rank to Captain, that tent will be set up on the next Street back facing the Parade Ground.


Tentage for cooking and messing will be set up to the rear of the Commanding Officer’s tent.  This is also where the fire pit(s) will be dug.

Appendix VI

Safety Regulations:


1                    Firearms:


1.1              Only carefully made and proofed replica firearms can be used.


1.2              Muskets must use black powder in pre-measured paper cartridges.  The cartridges are to be a maximum of 125 grains of powder.  Loading from a powder horn is prohibited.  Dampened cartridges are not to be used, nor are paper wadding or any other material.  Cartridges must be carried in a leather cartridge pouch. The use of staples, glue, tape or other materials to seal the cartridge is strictly prohibited.


1.3              All ammunition and firearms will be subject to examination prior to firing by designated site officials.


1.4              No member of the public (including the press) shall handle a firearm.


1.5              All firearms must be secured at all times, either under guard or safely out of sight.


1.6              All muskets should have a hammer stall and flash guard.


1.7              Ramrods are not to be used during any tactical or simulation.


1.8              During opposed line firing all weapons will be aimed a minimum of five (5) feet below the feet of the opposing force.  All firing will stop when the forces are within twenty (20) yards of each other.




2                    Edged Weapons:


2.1              All edged weapons including swords, bayonets, knives, bill-hooks, axes, tomahawks, etcetera, must be sheathed on the field except as designated in advance by the Site Safety Officer.


3                    Melee Combat:


3.1              Hand-to-hand combat is prohibited unless pre-arranged with the Site Safety Officer.


3.2              Opposing lines will not come closer than twenty (20) yards to each other unless pre-arranged with the Site Safety Officer.


4                    Alcohol and Drugs:


4.1              There will be no consumption of any alcoholic beverage during public hours at any demonstration by any member intending to handle a firearm.


4.2              Any member found in possession of or using unlawful non-prescription drugs will be immediately ejected from the site & the group. NO SECOND CHANCES!


5                    Officer’s Call:


5.1              The senior member present or his/her designate must attend these meetings.


5.2              At an event where a limited number of members are present, those on the ground should make every effort to “join-up” with another group to form a minimum section.


6                    Authority:


6.1              Any member found in violation of any of these safety rules may be asked to leave the tactical, simulation, demonstration, or even the event and property at the discretion of the Site Safety Officer.



For full standing orders including camp layout and section structure consult your copy of the standing orders. For a copy of the standing orders contact the commanding officer.

Royal Scots Grenadiers - UCMRS - Upper Canada Military Re-enactment Society - Site Map - Contact Us